Avian malaria elimination strategy proposed by Soper Strategies:
For the elimination of avian malaria, which is threatening birdlife on the Galápagos, especially the Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), we propose an extended pro-active mosquito elimination campaign using bait stations. Mosquito elimination itself is based on larviciding (biopesticides Bacillus thuringiensis isrealensis/Spinosad, insect growth regulator (pyriproxyfen), and use of lethal ovitraps baited with the sex pheromone of Cx. quinquefasciatus or oviposition attractants (e.g. skatole or hay infusions).
Post-elimination strategy: Monitoring (ovitraps) at possible points of entry (harbours and airports) and disinsectisation of ships reaching/touring the islands.
Failure to implement and maintain measures to prevent the human-assisted transport of mosquitoes to and among the islands could have catastrophic consequences for the endemic wildlife of Galápagos.