Soper Strategies
we eradicate mosquito-borne diseases

Uncompromised elimination


History has shown that 'control' invariably results in lack of funding, donor fatigue, and resistance to insecticides and drugs. Resurgence of disease follows. Compromises don't exist, and complete vector or pathogen removal is the only definitive solution to mosquito-borne disease.

Successful and proven strategies


Successful and proven strategies of the past fail when compromises are being made. Whenever elimination is the goal, then one is immediately bound to a number of prerequisites in order to make it work. For instance, access is a major issue. If certain areas remain untouched, then mosquito breeding in such places will continue, thereby defeating the purpose of the campaign. In a recent malaria control trial in The Gambia, a Soper campaign failed because certain parts of the terrain could not be reached by spraymen. The result was therefore disappointing.

Equally important, if one is serious about elimination, is the role played by the local communities. History has shown that attempts to eliminate mosquito-borne disease through the community has never been successful. Control yes, elimination no. There are various reasons for this, the major one being a lack of continued support when the disease has almost disappeared. This is a normal human response. If the disease has almost disappeared, people turn their attention to more pressing matters. And so the disease, albeit at a low level, will persist, only to surface and cause havoc again later on.

Community consent


Surely you can’t just ‘go in’ and do it without the community?
Of course we won’t. It is absolutely essential that local communities are aware of the campaign and that prior to any operation extensive public consultation is undertaken.
It is also imperative that community consent is obtained before proceeding with an elimination campaign.If the local community can be directly engaged in the campaign that’s even better, as long as the endgame will not depend on their voluntary involvement. Soper recruited 4500 locals in the campaign in Brazil, and 2000 locals in Egypt. There is no bottom-up or top-down in that case. It is a vertically organized campaign that is horizontally executed until elimination is achieved – that’s what we mean with ‘uncompromised’.

We have studied the underlying causes that led to successful elimination of mosquito-borne disease in many places around the world.


Invariably it showed that a rigid and meticulously organised campaign was the key to success. If you compromise it’s a recipe for failure. It is therefore that many community-based approaches, in spite of good intentions, deliver little more than a short-term dent in disease and then collapse.

As Dr. Fred Soper said:

‘There is no such thing as partial success. It is either glorious success or dismal failure’.



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